Assessment of Bandiiradleey and Galdogob conflict and peace (with PDRC)

HC together with PDRC undertook an assessment of the Bandiiradleey and Galdogob conflict and peace in April this year. The two teams from the two organizations organized 30 Semi-structured interviews: 15 Galdogob, and 15 Bandiiraley, and interviewed government officials, security officers, elders, businesspeople, women, youth, academics, peace activists, media, Peace committees, minorities, where possible pastoralists, etc. Likewise, we also organized 4 Facilitated Focus Group Discussions: 2 Galdogob, and 2 Bandiiraley.

The assessment utilized the following questionnaire to extract the information needed from the respondents: 

  1. What is the current situation in terms of conflict and peace?
  2. When and how did the tensions and conflicts between the communities of Galdogob – Bandiiradley begin?
  3. What were the sources/root causes of these tensions and conflict? And who were the actors? 
  4. Who are the main internal and external actors of conflict and peace? What are their interests, roles, resources, capacities, and relationships?
  5. What is the progress of the Galdogob – Bandiiraley Peace Agreement? What has/has not been achieved from the agreed peace terms? What are the challenges to the implementation?
  6. What is to be done for a sustainable peace in Galdogob – Bandiiradley? Which actors can facilitate them and what support do they need?

The assessment found that a pastoralist sparked the dispute in 1987, which eventually spread to the towns of Bandiradley and Goldogob. In 1988, a Bandiradley man assassinated a member of the Goldogob-Lelkase clan, sparking a larger battle. Lelkase assassinated two of the participants’ fathers, Mr. Moodi and Hoorif, and this incident sparked a clan war. The troops of the Siyad Bare dictatorship assaulted Bandiradley, and many people perished in the SURXUN battle. Many armed insurgents spread throughout Somalia after the 1977 Ethiopia-Somalia War, and the government dubbed them (MAHBAR).

The situation is currently peaceful; communities can move freely between the two sides; business is returning; local government is cooperating; the Pace Agreement must be upheld; Phase 3 of the Galkacyo Agreement has not yet occurred; Government implementation is lacking; the Justice System needs to be strengthened, and the Elders Peace Council must be formed as soon as possible. 

The following things need to be done for Galdogob-Bandiiradley to have lasting peace

  • The two peace conferences’ agreed-upon points must be upheld.
  • The third phase of the agreement needs to take place at Galkacyo.
  • Blood must be compensated, and the situation with the injured must be resolved.
  • Animal-free grazing area is also needed.
  • Restitution of conquered territory; military integration on both sides; social integration; and community awareness initiatives
  • Elders peace committee from both sides of the conflict need to function as they are the front line quick response team when an incident occurs.
  • Constant knowledge on all sides;
  • Bad government infrastructure;
  • Government leadership; and 
  • Media involvement is also needed

About Me

Horncenter Dialogue for Peace, Governance, and Development (The Horncenter), an independent, not- for-profit, and multi-disciplinary Think -Do -Tank organization, is devoted to examining policy issues and challenges that impact on institutions and state building in Somalia and develops policy solutions.

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